As a result of discrimination, most often specific individuals with particular features are treated differently than others in a similar situation. Anti-discrimination laws protect inherent constitutional values: dignity and equality. Therefore, the discriminatory features cannot be mentioned beforehand. Below, there are only examples of unjustified discriminatory features. However, it may happen that in a specific case, the characteristic leading to unfair and unequal treatment is a different circumstance. It is also a sign of discrimination to encourage others to discriminate, treat unequally or harass. Therefore, discrimination is unfair and differential treatment of people based on their sex, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic characteristics, language, religion, beliefs, political or any other views, membership of a minority group or trade union, wealth, birth, disability, age, orientation or sexual identity.
Examples of discrimination include unwanted jokes or comments about a legally protected characteristic (e.g. racial or ethnic jokes or offensive remarks or jokes about religion or traditional religious costumes).
Discrimination can also include offensive, intimidating, degrading or humiliating opinions or comments, including insults, jokes or gestures and rumours. Also, publishing and disseminating offensive comments on the Internet, in particular based on sex, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic characteristics, language, religion, belief, political or any other views, membership of a minority group or trade union, wealth, birth, disability, age or sexual orientation.
It is not discrimination to act to equalize opportunities for people with one or more of the following aspects: sex, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, language, religion, beliefs or beliefs, political or any other opinion, membership of a national minority, trade union membership, property, birth, disability, age, orientation or sexual identity by reducing inequality in their favour (examples of positive discrimination include allowing a blind person to participate in the exam with a guide dog, despite the general prohibition).