On 18th June at 06:30 pm, scientists from the University of Wrocław invite you to join the next webinar as part of the International Year of Caves and Karst (IYCK). This time, Dr. Wioletta Nowaczewska from the Department of Human Biology and Prof. Andrzej Wiśniewski from the Department of Stone Age Archaeology will deliver a lecture on “Neanderthals – the Myth of the Caveman”. LINK TO THE WEBINAR.
“Neanderthals, whose remains are well-known from Europe and Asia, have most often been identified with cave dwellers, partly because the greatest number of finds of their activity comes from caves. The oldest of which – considered to belong to the Neanderthal lineage – are dated to about 430,000 years old and come from the Sima de los Huesos Cave in Spain. The youngest ones, on the contrary, indicate that Neanderthals in central and western Europe became extinct around 41,000 years ago. It is not excluded that in some parts of Europe, such as Gibraltar (Gorham’s Cave) they may have survived a further 10,000 years. Neanderthals were characterised by a large massive skeleton (especially the skull) and a body structure adapted to the climate with extremely cold temperatures. With the discovery of individual bones in 1856, including the skull vault in the Kleine Feldhofer Grotte Cave in Germany, and in the 1908 the discovery of a nearly complete skeleton in the La Chapelle-aux Saints archaeological site in France, the myth of the Neanderthal man as a primitive creature of an intelligence inferior to the Homo sapiens was “born”. Recent years have brought new discoveries, the interpretation of which has led to a vivid debate on the intellectual abilities of a Neanderthal, his way of surviving in the environment of that time, as well as the possibility of contact with representatives of other species, including Homo sapiens. The history of Neanderthals is continuously being rediscovered, and it continues to evoke a great excitement among researchers to this day. Given the latest genetic, anthropological, and archaeological research, what can we say about the Neanderthals originating from the territory of the country? The answer to this question shall constitute the main topic of the upcoming webinar, to which we sincerely invite you.”